#015: Russian Translations on Biological Effects of Magnetic Fields and Radio Frequency Radiation.
These articles were originally designed to provide individual documents from Zory’s Archives to anyone interested in the early studies on microwave radiation until we had enough documents scanned for distribution.
I would now like to make these documents available in larger groupings.
The first set consists of a collection of translations from the former USSR provided by the Joint Publications Research Service (JPRS). In this collection there are five documents consisting of three books and two shorter studies dealing with both radio frequency radiation and low frequency magnetic fields. These documents are intended for a scientific audience as they are specialized and highly technical in nature.
I am providing a table of contents for the books and for one book abstracts for each chapter. If anyone with experience in this field would like to write a short review highlighting what is novel information in any of these translations, please contact me. The documents are listed chronologically below.
Chapter I: Electromagnetic Field Distribution in Induction and Radiation Zones
Chapter II: Methods of Determining the Intensity of Irradiation by High and Superhigh-Frequency Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter III: Electromagnetic High and Superhigh-Frequency Fields in Work Areas
Chapter IV: Biological Effect of Radio Waves
Chapter V: Protective Measures Against the Effect of Electromagnetic Waves of High-Frequency Industrial Heating Devices
Chapter VI: Protective Measures Against the Effect of Electromagnetic Waves When Manufacturing and Repairing Marine Radios and Radar
Chapter VII: Protective Measures Against the Effect of Electromagnetic Waves When Operating Marine Radios
Chapter VIII: Protection of the Personnel of the Transmitting Centers of Shipping Lines from Radio Wave Irradiation
Chapter IX: Protective Measures Against the Effect of Electromagnetic Waves of Marine Radar
Chapter X: Medical Measures for the Effects of High-Frequency and Superhigh-Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation on the Organism
Abstract: T he article studies the harmful effects of microwave fie lds on the human body, the determination of maximum permissible human exposure levels , and the development of preventive and protective measures.
3. UHF Irradiation and the Worker in Industry, JPRS 57711, 7 December 1972, 15 pp. This is a translation of two articles from the Russian-language journal Gigiyena Truda I Professional’nyye Zabolevaniya, No 9, 1972, Moscow.
Abstract: The report contains two studies on cerebral and peripheral blood circulation in radiowave disease according to rheographic research results and on the immunological reactivity of animals in prolonged irradiation by ultra-high frequency radiowaves.
Abstract: The report contains information on the influence of sufficiently intensive constant, alternating, and pulsed magnetic fields on various biological objects.
Introduction to the Problem (Yu. A. Kholodov)
Physical Phenomena Occurring in Live Objects Under the Effect of Constant Magnetic Fields (Ya. G. Dorfman)
Influence of Magnetic Fields on Enzymes, Tissue Respiration, and Some Aspects of Metabolism in an Intact Organism (M. A. Shishlo)
The Influence of Magnetic Fields on Microorganisms (S. t… Pavlovich)
The Mechanism of Biological Effects of a Constant Magnetic Field (A. B. Kogan, et al.)
The Influence of Constant Magnetic Fields on the Growth of Plants (Yu. I. Novitskiy, et al.)
The Influence of Magnetic Fields on Radiation-Induced Chromosomal Aberrations in Plants (A.A. Pozolotin)
Pathologoanatomic Characteristics of Changes in Experimental Animals Under the Influence of Magnetic Fields (I. V. Toroptaev, et al.)
Magnetic Fields, Infection, and Immunity (N. V. Vasil ‘yev, et al.)
Effects of Magnetic Fields on the Nervous System (Yu.. A. Kholodov)
Effect of Magnetic Fields on Experimental Tumors (Direct and Through the Nervous System) (M. A. ‘Uk.olova, Ye. B.. Kvakina)
Clinico-Hygienic and Experimental Data on the Effects of Magnetic Fields Under Industrial Conditions (A. M. Vyalov)
Peculiarities of Methods and Methodology of Magnetobiological Experiments (A. A. Shul ‘pekov)
List of Abbreviations
Abstracts of Articles
ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES: THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971
“Introduction.” Kholodov, Yu. A. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 1-14.
The article gives a brief historical survey of magnetobiological works on the effects of artificial magnetic fields, fluctuations in the intensity of the geomagnetic field, and the weakened field of the earth on biological objects. It is pointed out that the influence of magnetic fields has been discovered at all levels of biological organization: from the molecule to the population. A hypothesis on the ecological significance of the geomagnetic field is stated.
“Physical Phenomena Occurring in Live Objects Under the Effect of Constant Magnetic Fields.” Dorfman, Ya. G. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 15-23.
The article· describes three principal physical effects occurring under the influence of artificial CMF on biological objects. They include: 1) magnetohydrodynamic inhibition of the movement of the blood and other biological fluids, 2) elastic oscillations of nervous, muscular and plant fibers during the propagation of bioelectric pulses in them (these oscillations may cause distortion and inhibition of the pulses), 3) orientational and concentrational changes in biologically active macromolecules in solutions which reflect on the kinetics of biochemical reactions and other physicochemical processes.
“Influence of Magnetic Fields on Enzymes, Tissue Respiration, and Some Aspects of Metabolism in an Intact Organism.” Shishlo, M. A. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 24-40.
The author discusses the published and his own data on the influence of magnetic fields on the metabolic processes of various biological objects and expresses his opinion regarding the nonspecific nature of this phenomenon. Emphasis is placed on the changes in the aging rate of enzymes in vitro, changes in the ratio of free and phosphorylation oxidation, intensification of glycolysis, stress reaction of the entire organism, etc. It is probable that magnetic fields, by changing the energy of weak interactions, influence the supramolecular organization of live structures, which can again result in quantitative changes in chemically specific reactions. It is not ruled out that magnetic fields may influence biological objects through the changes in the properties of water.
“The Influence of Magnetic Fields on Microorganisms.” Pavlovich, S. A. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 41-55.
It is shown that magnetic fields can influence the processes of vital activity in microorganisms. The effect depends on the nature of the magnetic field, its intensity, and biological peculiarities of the test objects. The latter is particularly clear in short exposures to magnetic fields. The differences in the nature of the obtained data are sometimes due to the differences in the experimental conditions. Prolonged exposure to a magnetic field results in a clear manifestation of the biological effects. Specific influence of various fields levels out and the observed changes have the same directivity. These studies indicate that the changeability of microorganisms is, probably, the result of the influence of magnetic fields on the enzymal systems and RNA. This may account for the influence of magnetic fields on the nature and rate of growth of microorganisms and increased thermo-tolerance of “magnetic” cultures. However, magnetic fields also cause other changes in the metabolism of microorganisms, which is exemplified by the phenomenon of phage induction.
“The Mechanism of Biological Effects of a Constant Magnetic Field.” Kogan, A. B., Sachava’, T. S., Dorozhkina, L. I., Pavelko, V. M., and Go1’tseva, I. N. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 56-68.
The authors studied the influence of constant magnetic fields on the organisms of various evolutionary levels. In their experiments on infusoria, they observed changes in the movements, redistribution and decrease of RNA (protoplasmic), and increase in aerobic glycolysis under the effect of a constant magnetic field. In the cells of Nitella, they discovered a decrease in the rest potential during the action of the magnetic field by using the method of intracellular registration of the biopotentials. The effect depended on the intensity of the field and on the seasonal conditions of the experiments. It was established by the study of an individual cell of the stretching receptor of a crayfish that a magnetic field of 500 oersteds, after exposure of 30 minutes, caused an inhibitory reaction of neurons whose intensity depended on the season of the year. Structural changes in neurons were characterized by disintegration of RNA lumps and its accumulation in the perinuclear region. The physiological activity of adrenalin changed after the magnetic treatment when it was checked on an isolated heart of a frog by Straube’s method
“The Influence of Magnetic Fields on Radiation-Induced Chromosomal Aberrations in Plants.” Pozolotin, A, A. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 69-97.
Studies on the influence of pulsed and constant magnetic fields on radiation induced chromosomal aberrations in the meristematic tissue of the pea revealed changes in the yield of aberrations caused by gamma-irradiation of the ends of roots. The effect was observed only since the stage when the soaking of the irradiated seeds had ended and depended on the dose of the preliminary irradiation. The effect was not well-defined during the first mitosis, which meant that the magnetic field influenced the restoration rate of the initial potential injuries of the chromosomes. The obtained results confirm the conclusion that the magnetic field is a weak biological stimulus.
“Pathologoanatomic Characteristics of Changes in Experimental Animals Under the Influence of Magnetic FieIds.” Toroptsev, I, V” Garganeyev, G. P., Gorshenina, T, I., and Teplyakova, N. L. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 98-107.
Comparison of all studied morphological changes in the organs and tissues of laboratory animals revealed that male gonads were the most sensitive to magnetic fields. This physical factor disturbed mitosis, which resulted in the appearance of giant multinuclear cells in a number of organs (testes, liver, kidneys, suprarenal glands, epithelium of the crystalline lens), The aggregate of the morphological changes caused by a magnetic field in the entire organism makes it possible to speak of the specificity of the pathologoanatomic picture. A study of the dynamics of morphological changes revealed a marked tendency toward normalization of the disturbed structures in the organs and tissues after the termination of the action of magnetic fields. The biological effectiveness of pulsed and alternating magnetic fields was higher than that of constant magnetic fields. Pathological changes in a number of organs and systems occurring under the conditions of the tested magnetic fields were not catastrophic in their nature.
“Magnetic Fields, Infection, and Immunity,” Vasil’yev, N. V., Shternberg, I. B., and Boginich, L. F. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 108-123.
The article gives the results of studies carried out in various laboratories, primarily by the authors, on the influence of magnetic fields on the immunobiological reactivity of the organism. It is shown that the magnetic field is a physical factor which is undoubtedly active with respect to the mechanism of immunobio1ogica1 reactivity, both in its nonspecific and specific aspects. The influence of magnetic fields on the formation of antibodies has similarities with the effects of ionizing radiation. It was established that the magnetic field itself, without immunization, was capable of causing changes in the lymphoid tissues which were similar to immunomorphologica1 changes. It is not ruled out that this is connected with the stress effect of both the immunization and the magnetic field. Basic directions of research in this area are suggested.
“Effects of Magnetic Fields on the Nervous System.. ” Kho1adov, Yu. A. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 124-146.
It is shown that constant magnetic fields increase the motor activity of vertebrates, inhibit conditioned reflexes developed by them to other stimuli, and can themselves serve as conditioned stimuli for carps and rabbits. Electrophysiologica1 studies revealed that magnetic fields caused a synchronization reaction in the EEG of the rabbit which developed with a latent period of 10-20 seconds. The electrographic reaction to the magnetic field in a preparation of an isolated brain and in neuronally isolated strip of the cortex of the cerebral hemispheres of a rabbit occurred more intensively and with a shorted latent period than a similar reaction of an intact brain. The author concludes that magnetic fields have direct influence on the brain tissues. This is confirmed by microelectrode studies on the spike activity of neurons and by morphological studies on the glioneural complex. The lowering of the stability of mice against oxygen want after exposure to a magnetic field compels the author to assume that magnetic fields influence the oxidizing metabolism of the brain. He stresses the nonspecific nature of reaction of the CNS to the magnetic field, because this reaction is detected after the exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields and ionizing radiation.
“Effects of Magnetic Fields on Experimental Tumors (Direct and Through the Nervous System).” Uko lova , M. A. and Kvakina, Yeo B. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 147-164.
The effects of constant and alternating (low-frequency) magnetic fields on the development of transplanted and induced tumors were studied in experiments on rats. The authors exposed either the tumor directly, or the head of the animal to a magnetic field, or combined these two methods. The application of the magnetic field often caused the experimental tumor to resolve. The effect was stronger with additional administration of Undenfriend’s reagent or adrenalin. The action of a magnetic field on the head intensified tissue respiration, aerobic glycolysis, phosphorylation, and excitability of the hypothalamus. Moreover, the cholinesterase level in the blood rose, the total amount of the SH-groups decreased in the suprarenal glands and increased in the thyroid gland. Histological studies also revealed hypersecretion in the thyroid gland caused by the magnetic field. Thus, the activation of the vegetative and endocrinic sections of regulation performed by the hypothalamus is one of the mechanisms of the influence of magnetic fields on the development of tumors.
“Clinico-Hygienic and Experimental Data on the Effects of Magnetic Fields Under Industrial Conditions.” Vyalov, A. M. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 165-177.
Analysis of the clinicophysiological data obtained in studying workers subjected to the effects of magnetic fields made it possible to isolate two principal syndromes: peripheral vasovegetative and asthenovegetative. The central place in both syndromes usually belonged to the functional vascular and cardiovascular changes. Vasovegetative changes occurred more frequently and were expressed more clearly in the distal parts of hands than in other parts of the body. Experimental laboratory data indicate the same directivity of the process under the influence of magnetic fields. Physiological reactions to this factor are based on the intensification of the vagotonic effect, which is most frequently connected with the decrease in the tonus of sympathetic innervation. It should be considered that the action of magnetic fields above certain levels of intensity can have unfavorable effects on human organisms. At the present time, the maximum permissible levels are being determined more precisely. Recommendations for therapeutic and preventive measures have been developed.
“Peculiarities of Methods and Methodology of Magnetobiological Experiments.” Shul’pekov, A. A. THE INFLUENCE OF MAGNETIC FIELDS ON BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS, 1971, 178-189
In magnetobiological experiments, a physical reality in the form of a magnetic flux is actually used as a stimulant. Therefore, it is expedient to use units characterizing the value of the magnetic flux — weber and its intensity — tesla, since these units have been accepted in the International System of Units (IS) for measuring magnetic fluxes. It is methodologically wrong to stress the difference in the biological effects of the north and south magnetic poles. If there is such a difference, then it is possible to speak of different quantitative levels of the effect resulting from the considerable magnetic field gradients near the poles and inaccurate reproduction of the coordinates. The works of the magnetobiologists confirm the materiality of magnetic fields and broaden our knowledge not only regarding biological processes, but also regarding the nature of electromagnetic fields.
Abstract: The Report contains results of studies of hygienic standards at industrial sites. Data is also presented on in-depth studies of the mechanism of action of electromagnetic fields.
Foreword (A. I. Berg)
New Results of Investigations on the Problems of Work Hygiene and the Biological Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Waves (Z. V. Gordon)
Major Trends in the Scientific Organization of Work at Radio and Television Stations (P. P. Fukalova)
Hygienic Evaluation of Working Conditions Involving Radiowave Emitters on the Basis of Dynamic Studies on the Nature of Radiation During a Work Shift (V. V. Markov)
Methods for the Investigation of Radiation Field Distribution of Radar Stations at Civil Aviation Airports (N. D. Khramova)
Regional Location of Meteorological Radar Stations (N. D. Khramova, et a1.)
Distribution of Ultrashort Wave Fields in the Vicinities of Urban Television Centers (N. D. Khramova, et al.)
The Clinic, Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Outcome of Radiowave Sickness (M. N. Sadchikova, K. V. Glotova)
Pathoanatomical Characterization of Changes Induced in Experimental Animals by Combined Irradiation With Microwaves and X-Rays (M. S. Tolgskaya, et a1.)
Experimental Studies on the Biological Effects Evoked by Combined Exposure to Microwaves and High Air Temperature (K. V. Nikonova)
Results of Experimental Studies on Electromagnetic Irradiation With Low Intensity USW, SW, and MW (P. P. Fukalova, et al.)
Changes in Certain Protective Reactions of an Organism Under the Influence of SW in Experimental and Industrial Conditions (A. P Volkova, P. Pp. Fukalova)
Certain Principles Governing the Effects of Microwaves on K+ and Na+ Transport in Human Erythrocytes (V. M. Shtemler)
The Effects of Microwaves on Actomyosin ATPase Activity (V. M. Shtemler)
The Dependence of the Temperature Response to Microwave Irradiation on the Initial Functional State of the CNS (Ye. A. Lobanova)
Investigations on the Susceptibility of Animals to Microwave (MW) Irradiation Following Treatment With Pharmacologic Agents (Ye. A. Lobanova)
Principles of Neurophysiological Investigations of Microwave Bioeffects and Changes in Elementary Excitable Structures on Exposure to Very Low Intensity Irradiation (M. S. Bychkov)
The Problem of Glio-Neuronal Relationship in the Rat Cerebral Cortex During Long-Term Exposure to Microwaves (I. M. Kazbekov, Yeo A. Lobanova)
Studies on the Reproduction and Testicular Microstructure of Mice Exposed to Microwaves (A. N. Bereznitskaya, I. M. Kazbekov)
Embryotropic Effects of Microwaves (A. N. Bereznitskaya, T. Z. Rysina)